2019年统招专升本英语考试真题及答案

       统招专升本考试属于省级统一招生标准选拔性考试,考试选拔对象为全日制普通高校的高职高专(专科)应届毕业生。各省普通专升本政策稍有不同,以当年各省教育考试院或教育厅公布的政策为主。专升本考试科目分为公共课考试科目和专业课考试科目,需要花费相应的时间备考。上学吧统招专升本题库针对历年的真题和模拟题进行了精心的整理,希望可以帮助考生高效率备考。现在就点击安装APP刷题。以下为试卷的详细内容:

一、单项选择题 每小题0.5分,共30题 参考答案见试卷末尾

1、By eleven o'clock yesterday I ______ at the airport.

A.has arrived

B.arrived

C.had arrived

D.will have arrived

2、Don't stand there ______ nothing.

A.to do

B.doing

C.do

D.for doing

3、______ with Lei Feng,we still have a long way to go.

A.Comparing

B.Compared

C.To compare

D.Being compared

4、Many a member of the armed forces ______ given his life for our country.

A.had

B.have

C.has

D.had been

5、“Let us go,______?” the crooks said to the policeman.

A.shall we

B.won't you

C.won't we

D.don't we

6、If Jackie is as sick as you say,she ______ see a doctor as soon as possible.

A.has better

B.had better

C.has rather

D.would rather

7、The doctor suggested that she ______ for the time being.

A.will not smoke

B.not smoke

C.would not smoke

D.did not smoke

8、The results of the experiment were not ______ to publish.

A.so interesting

B.enough interesting

C.too interesting

D.interesting enough

9、A friend of mine returned to his house after a holiday,only to find it ______.

A.be broken into

B.had broken into

C.was broken into

D.had been broken into

10、With a great weight ______ my mind,I turned into a by-stander.

A.to take off

B.taking off

C.taken off

D.being taken off

11、The young man ______ his training ______ good use in that job.

A.put; over

B.put; to

C.put; on

D.put; out

12、Had you asked me yesterday,I ______ you the money.

A.have lent

B.lent

C.would lend

D.could have lent

13、The managing director took the ______ for the accident,although it was not really his fault.

A.guilt

B.charge

C.blame

D.accusation

14、His new appointment takes ______ from the beginning of next month.

A.place

B.effect

C.post

D.office

15、Jim's plans to go to college ______ at the last moment.

A.fell out

B.gave away

C.gave off

D.fell through

16、I left for the office earlier than usual this morning ______ the traffic jam.

A.in line with

B.in case of

C.for the sake of

D.at the risk of

17、The boy had a ______ escape when he ran across the road in front of the bus.

A.close

B.short

C.narrow

D.fine

18、Dress warmly,______ you'll catch a cold.

A.on the contrary

B.or rather

C.or else

D.in no way

19、The island where these rare birds nest has been declared ______.

A.an observation

B.a reservation

C.a preservation

D.a conservation

20、With prices ______ so much,it's hard for the company to plan a budget.

A.fluctuating

B.waving

C.swinging

D.vibrating

21、______ the author wants to express in the book is the love and care for the family.

A.What

B.That

C.Why

D.How

22、The new buyer identified a dozen new sources for the material,______ proved to be reliable.

A.most of them

B.most of which

C.most of whom

D.most of what

23、You will never gain success ______ you are fully devoted to your work.

A.when

B.because

C.after

D.unless

24、Tom is interested in this poem now,but he thought it boring ______ he read it.

A.in the first time

B.the first time

C.for the first time

D.at first

25、Not until recently ______ the development of tourist-related activities in the rural areas.

A.they had encouraged

B.had they encouraged

C.did they encourage

D.they encourage

26、If ______ for the job,you will be informed soon.

A.to accept

B.accept

C.accepted

D.accepting

27、Before you quit your job,______ how your family will feel about your decision.

A.consider

B.considering

C.to consider

D.considered

28、Computers are tools carrying ______ for human beings.

A.many information

B.many informations

C.more information

D.much information

29、She asked me ______ I had returned the book to the library,and I admitted that I hadn't.

A.when

B.whether

C.where

D.what

30、Looking round the town,he felt as though he ______ away for ages.

A.has been

B.was

C.is

D.had been

二、阅读理解 每小题1.5分,共12题 参考答案见试卷末尾

1、When something terrible happens to our friends,we often can't respond properly.We hurt their feelings by saying exactly what they don't want to hear; we stay away when they need us; or if we do get in touch,we avoid the sensitive subject altogether.We don't mean to be rude or thoughtless—so why do we act this way when we really want to help? How can we find the right thing to say to a friend in a difficult situation? Here are some suggestions: Keep the focus off yourself.When you are with a friend who has suffered a tragedy,remember that you are there to provide support and comfort.Concentrate on his or her feelings rather than your own.(71) Don't use a friend's tragedy as an excuse to drag out similar experiences you've had.There's nothing wrong with saying “I've been through it; I know how you must feel”,but you should not say “When my mother died,I stopped eating for a week.” Not everyone experiences grief in the same way,so don't impose guilt on a person who doesn't show emotion as openly as you might. Just listen.Many painful people need to mourn,to go through the normal stages of grief and to talk about their feelings and memories.So just listen,accept your friend's feelings and be understanding.Some hurting people may not want to say anything,and you have to respect that too.One man says that the best phone calls he got were from a friend who called once a day and talked for no more than a minute,letting him know she was thinking of him. Offer help.An emotionally hurt person may be overwhelmed by the details of everyday life.Offer to do something,finish a project or take the kids to their piano lessons.“When I had a broken back,I felt completely out of control,” says Joan,a divorced woman with a young daughter.“When my neighbors took turns filling in for me in the car pool,it helped me relax.It was the difference between chaos and order.” Be patient.(72) The grief and sorrow can range in intensity and duration and often lasts a few years.Let the person know you're concerned.You might say,“What you're going through must be very difficult,and I don't think you have to do it alone.I'd like to help and would be always here with you.” No one can be expected to know what to say or how to act in every difficult situation.But if you begin with common sense and politeness,and focus on being supportive,soon you will know the right way to respond. When we have hurt our friends in trouble by improper response,we ______.

A.usually did it on purpose

B.would feel regretful for what we had said and done

C.would stay away from them

D.should continue getting in touch with them

2、When you are talking with a hurting friend,the best policy is ______.

A.to listen patiently

B.to try to comfort him or her

C.to tell him or her something entertaining

D.to give him or her a phone call

3、If a friend's grief seems to be very intense or long-lasting,we should ______.

A.let it be since someone can't rush grief

B.advise him or her to take the kids out for classes

C.let the person know we are concerned and always ready to help

D.help him or her relax and make everything in order

4、Which of the following statement is true?

A.If we follow the suggestions offered in this article,we will know how to behave in every difficult situation.

B.Acting politely is always the right way to respond.

C.The article offers us the common sense and courses of how to act properly when our friend is in trouble.

D.If we don't talk about the sensitive subject,we can avoid hurting our friends.

5、Major companies are already in pursuit of commercial applications of the new biology. They dream of placing enzymes in the automobile to monitor exhaust and send data on pollution to a microprocessor that will then adjust the engine.They speak of what The New York Times calls “metal-hungry microbes that might be used to mine valuable trace metals from ocean water”.They have already demanded and won the right to patent new life forms. Nervous critics,including many scientists,worry that there is corporate,national,international,and inter-scientific rivalry in the entire biotechnological field.They create images not of oil spills,but of “microbe spill” that could spread disease and destroy entire populations.The creation and accidental release of extremely poisonous microbes,however,is only one cause for alarm.Completely rational and respectable scientists are talking about possibilities that stagger the imagination. Should we breed people with cow-like stomachs so they can digest grass and hay,thereby relieving the food problem by modifying us to eat lower down on the food chain? Should we biologically alter workers to fit the job requirement,for example,creating pilots with faster reaction times or assembly-line workers designed to do our monotonous work for us? Should we attempt to eliminate “inferior” people and breed a “super-race”? (Hitler tried this,but without the genetic weaponry that may soon issue from our laboratories.) Should we produce soldiers to do our fighting? Should we use genetic forecasting to pre-eliminate “unfit” babies? Should we grow reserve organs for ourselves,each of as having,as it were,a “savings bank” full of spare kidney,livers,or hands? (73) Wild as these notions may sound,every one has its advocates (and opposers) in the scientific community as well as its striking commercial application.As two critics of genetic engineering,Jeremy Rifkin and Ted Howard,state in their book Who Should Play God? “Broad scale genetic engineering will probably be introduced to America much the same way as assembly lines,automobiles,vaccines,computers and all the other technologies.As each new genetic advance becomes commercially practical,a new consumer's need will be exploited and a market for the new technology will be created.” According to the passage,the exhaust from a car engine could probably be checked by ______.

A.using metal-hungry microbes

B.making use of enzymes

C.adjusting the engine

D.patenting new life forms

6、According to the passage,which of the following would worry the critics the most?

A.The unanticipated explosion of population.

B.The creation of biological solar cells.

C.The accidental spill of oil.

D.The unexpected release of destructive microbes.

7、Which of the following notions is NOT mentioned?

A.Developing a “savings bank” of one's organs.

B.Breeding soldiers for a war.

C.Producing people with cow-like stomachs.

D.Using genetic forecasting to cure diseases.

8、According to the passage,Hitler attempted to ______.

A.change the pilots biologically to win the war

B.develop genetic farming for food supply

C.kill the people he thought of as inferior

D.encourage the development of genetic weapons for the war

9、There was a time in the early history of man when the days had no names! The reason was quite simple: Men had not invented the week. In those days,the only division of times was the month,and there were too many days in the month for each of them to have a separate name.(74) But when men began to build cities,they wanted to have a special day on which to trade,a market day.Sometimes these market days were fixed at every tenth day,sometimes every seventh or every fifth day.The Babylonians decided that it should be every seventh day.On this day they didn't work,but met for trade and religious festivals. The Jews followed their example,but kept every seventh day for religious purposes.In this way,the week came into existence.It was the space between market days.The Jews gave each of the seven days a name,but it was really a number after the Sabbath day (which was Saturday).For example,Wednesday was called the fourth day (four days after Saturday). (75) When the Egyptians adopted the seven-day week,they named the days after five planets,the sun and the moon.The Romans used the Egyptian names for their days of the week: the day of the sun,of the moon,of the planet Mars,of Mercury,of Jupiter,of Venus,and of Saturn. While we get our names for the days not from the Romans but from the Anglo-Saxons,who called most of the days after their own gods,which were roughly the same as the gods of the Romans.A day,by the way,used to be counted as the space between sunrise and sunset.The Romans counted it as from midnight,and most modern nations use this method. In the early times there were no names for the days,because men ______.

A.had not yet created the idea of grouping seven days in a week

B.did not know how to spell “week”

C.considered unnecessary to have the names

D.did not believe it was the time to invent the week

10、Which of the following is true for those earlier times?

A.It became necessary for each day to have a separate name when men began to build cities.

B.There were so many days in the month that it was impossible for each day to have its own name.

C.At that time the day that got a name was called a market day.

D.The Babylonians decided people must work on a market day.

11、In this context,the word “week” means ______.

A.any market day

B.the Sabbath day

C.the days between those for religious purposes

D.the days for trade and religious festivals

12、Our present names for the days of the week are ______.

A.quite different from the old times

B.mostly named after the gods of the Anglo-Saxons

C.more or less the same as those the Egyptians are using

D.used to count the number of days in a week

三、匹配题 每小题1.5分,共8题 参考答案见试卷末尾

1、63

A.A

B.B

C.C

D.D

2、64

A.A

B.B

C.C

D.D

3、65

A.A

B.B

C.C

D.D

4、66

A.A

B.B

C.C

D.D

5、67

A.A

B.B

C.C

D.D

6、68

A.A

B.B

C.C

D.D

7、69

A.A

B.B

C.C

D.D

8、70

A.A

B.B

C.C

D.D

四、翻译题 每小题2分,共10题 参考答案见试卷末尾

1、Don't use a friend's tragedy as an excuse to drag out similar experiences you've had.

2、The grief and sorrow can range in intensity and duration and often lasts a few years.

3、Wild as these notions may sound,every one has its advocates (and opposers) in the scientific community as well as its striking commercial application.

4、But when men began to build cities,they wanted to have a special day on which to trade,a market day.

5、When the Egyptians adopted the seven-day week,they named the days after five planets,the sun and the moon.

6、他再也不是十五年前的那个他了。

7、我从未去过北京,但那是我最想去的城市。

8、你一旦决定了想从事的研究领域,就应该同你的老师讨论下。

9、为了与他人保持良好的关系,你应该具备优秀的处理人际关系的能力。

10、我对于他所说的一切很感兴趣。

五、写作题 每小题15分,共1题 参考答案见试卷末尾

1、Directions: For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Can Paper Reading Be Replaced by Online Reading? You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below. (1) 随着网络的发达和普及,越来越多的人通过网络获取信息,喜欢网络阅读,去书店买书阅读的人越来越少; (2) 读纸版书籍给我们带来的乐趣是网络阅读达不到的; (3) 你的观点。

参考答案:

【一、单项选择题】

1~5 CBBCA     6~10 BBDDC    

11~30点击安装“APP”查看答案

【二、阅读理解】

1~5 BACCB     6~10 DDCAB    

11~12点击安装“APP”查看答案

【三、匹配题】

1~5 CDABD    

【四、翻译题】

1 【翻译】不要以朋友的不幸为理由来说出你曾经的类似经历。本句考查定语从句、常用单词和短语的翻译。本句是一个含有定语从句的复合句。主句是一个祈使句;you  2 【翻译】悲痛和哀伤在强度和持续时间上可能有所变动,并且经常持续几年。本句考查常用单词的翻译。range可译为“变动”;intensity可译为“强度”;duration可译为“持续时间”;lasts可译为“持续”。  3 【翻译】虽然这些观念可能听起来疯狂,但是除了在引人注目的商业应用方面之外,每个观念在科学界也有其提倡者(和反对者)。本句考查让步状语从句、常用单词和短语的翻译。本句包含一个as引导的让步状语从句,as引导让步状语从句时,从句用倒装结构。scientific community可译为“科学界”;striking可译为“引人注目的”;commercial application可译为“商业应用”。  4 【翻译】但是当人类开始建立城市的时候,他们想要有一个特殊的进行交易的日子,即集市日。本句考查时间状语从句、常用单词和短语的翻译。本句中含有一个when引导的时间状语从句;on which to trade是“介词+疑问词+to do”结构,修饰a special day。build cities可译为“建立城市”;wanted可译为“想要”;a market day可译为“集市日”。  5 【翻译】当埃及人采用七日一周制时,他们以五个行星、太阳和月亮的名字来命名这七天。本句考查时间状语从句、常用单词和短语的翻译。本句中含有一个When引导的时间状语从句。Egyptians可译为“埃及人”;adopted可译为“采用”;named…after…可译为“以……的名字命名……”。 

6~10点击安装“APP”查看答案

【五、写作题】

1 【参考范文】Can Paper Reading Be Replaced by Online Reading?With the development and popularization of the Internet,more and more people get information through the Internet and like reading online.Fewer and fewer people go to bookstores to buy the books they want to read.And it seems that paper reading is outdated.Though online reading provides more convenience,paper reading can bring us more fun.The reasons are as follows.Firstly,it is an unforgettable moment to keep company with a book.When we bury our head into the book,the special fragrance of it passes through our fingers,into our nose,then into our brain.How marvelous the feeling is! Secondly,we can take various notes on the book at any time,which is not that easy to do when reading online.When we have finished reading the book,what we harvest will be not only the knowledge and idea the book conveys,but also our systematic thinking about the book.Thirdly,paper reading won 

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