2018年统招专升本英语考试真题及答案

       统招专升本考试属于省级统一招生标准选拔性考试,考试选拔对象为全日制普通高校的高职高专(专科)应届毕业生。各省普通专升本政策稍有不同,以当年各省教育考试院或教育厅公布的政策为主。专升本考试科目分为公共课考试科目和专业课考试科目,需要花费相应的时间备考。上学吧统招专升本题库针对历年的真题和模拟题进行了精心的整理,希望可以帮助考生高效率备考。现在就点击安装APP刷题。以下为试卷的详细内容:

一、单项选择题 每小题0.5分,共30题 参考答案见试卷末尾

1、 It has been reported that more than one kid ____with the “Bird Flu”.

A.have been infected

B.has been infected

C.have infected

D.has been infecting

2、The black coal there is a sharp ____ white snow()

A.contract with

B.content with

C.contact to

D.contrast to

3、You’ll be fined____ you return the books to the school library by this weekend()

A.if

B.until

C.unless

D.provided

4、____ fortune and social status, she was actually an ordinary-looking woman()

A.Although

B.Despite of

C.In spite of

D.Considering

5、When I am having a nap at noon, I hate ____ by other people()

A.being disturbed

B.being interrupted

C.being involved

D.being interfered

6、He thought about the problem over and over, and suddenly a good idea to him()

A.entered

B.occurred

C.happened

D.hit

7、The spy finally got necessary for his government after a long stay here()

A.all the informations

B.all of the informations

C.all the information

D.all informations

8、Lin Daiyu is so______that she even cries for the falling flowers in spring()

A.impressive

B.sensitive

C.sensible

D.attractive

9、We can find many sports on the playground of this primary school()

A.installments

B.equipments

C.machines

D.facilities

10、When we were in high school, we learnt the ____ of English grammar()

A.basics

B.elementary

C.elements

D.foundations

11、John is the sort of friend who will stand you through every situation()

A.for

B.by

C.in

D.behind

12、Susan is always a shy girl and feels in the presence of strangers()

A.embarrassed

B.impatient

C.braveness

D.tiresome

13、We don’t believe the young man is ____ of finishing such a difficult task()

A.competent

B.capable

C.qualified

D.clever

14、I will pay a visit to my old friend ______she comes back from abroad()

A.the time when

B.the moment when

C.the minute

D.on the minute

15、If the little boy had been given the best medical care, he ____()

A.could not die

B.have not died

C.would not die

D.would not have died

16、In the end, we found the actual cost of this program was much higher than the____()

A.former plan

B.original observation

C.original estimate

D.former observation

17、This plant was severely punished by the government for_____ pollutant into water()

A.relieving

B.relaxing

C.releasing

D.recycling

18、We can’t _____his plan, for it’s exactly far beyond what we have expected()

A.go long with

B.get on with

C.give in to

D.get out of

19、Our new teacher is not experienced and can’t make himself clearly ____ in class()

A.being understood

B.understood

C.listened

D.being followed

20、Whenever the man says something against his wife, she lose her temper()

A.tends to

B.comes to

C.intends to

D.goes to

21、Nearly three years of high school had gone by _____he finally realized the importance of studying hard()

A.until

B.while

C.before

D.so that

22、The boy listed several examples _____his viewpoints()

A.in support of

B.for support of

C.to support of

D.with support of

23、____the delay of the plane, we would have been in Paris now()

A.None but

B.But for

C.But that

D.Nothing but

24、Almost everyone of us could see her anxiety from the on her face()

A.appearance

B.sight

C.view

D.expression

25、This boy is quite intelligent lazy in his study()

A.but rather

B.and quite

C.but quite

D.and rather

26、When I was young, I wasn’t used ____ when I made some mistakes()

A.to criticizing

B.to be criticized

C.to being criticized

D.to be criticizing

27、Actually we don’t know whether this news came from a reliable ____ or not()

A.source

B.origin

C.basis

D.foundation

28、Although the man is good at painting, we don’t think he is _____an artist()

A.much

B.much more

C.much of

D.rather than

29、Nowadays more and more students seem to help their classmates who have difficulties in studies()

A.reluctant

B.reliable

C.responsible

D.careless

30、Without your kindness and help, I_____ so much()

A.don’t achieve

B.didn’t achieve

C.will not achieve

D.would not have achieved

二、阅读理解 每小题1.5分,共12题 参考答案见试卷末尾

1、Passage One In this age of equality,sameness between the sexes is emphasized as if differences have to mean problems.Well,differences can mean problems,but only when they are not properly understood. Imagine Adam alone in the Garden of Eden and you will have an idea about the way many men feel today.If the major issue for women is overload in their life—balancing career,relationship,children,home—the crisis for men is loneliness and the loss of women.Twenty-five years ago,most men came home from work to a warm meal,a clean house,the devotion of a gentle wife.Now the majority of women work outside,they are no longer the full-time housewives as before,so men feel deserted and easily hurt. Women get emotional support through a network of friends and family.Most men don’t have such relationships; they are intimate only with their wives or lovers.As a result,any lessening of their partner’s attention may be thought of as rejection or abandonment. Bob’s wife Sandy has a fulltime job,and he really prefers her bringing home extra income.Yet he also feels uneasy and troubled.“When I get home at the end of the day,wanting to have a talk with Sandy,” he said,“She puts me off.First she makes dinner,then the kids need something,or a friend calls her.She talks with her sister,her girlfriends,her workmates,but not with me.I sometimes do feel abandoned and annoyed.” Since most men have difficulty admitting loneliness and hurt,they tend to become angry instead.Bob’s constant complaints and criticism made Sandy confused and irritated.Eventually,they came up with a simple solution that met both Bob’s need for time and Sandy’s sense of responsibility to others.The first half-hour after Bob arrived home from work was “theirs”; they would sit together and just talk to each other about everything they want to say. Many men feel hurt and abandoned because ____.

A.women think it’s unfair to stay at home doing housework

B.their wives are no longer gentle and caring to the family

C.the equality of men and women is strongly emphasized

D.most women have their own jobs and don’t have enough time and energy caring about men

2、Why do men care a lot about their couples’ attitude towards them?

A.Because their differences can mean problems.

B.Because they don’t have a network of friends and family.

C.Because they only want to have an intimate relation with their wives.

D.Because men lack confidence nowadays.

3、Which of the following statements about Bob and Sandy is true?

A.Bob doesn’t wish Sandy to do a full-time job.

B.Sandy is too busy to have time talking with Bob.

C.Sandy puts Bob off since there’s no common topic between them anymore.

D.Sandy feels equal to Bob now and no longer loves him as before.

4、What does the passage want to tell us?

A.Differences between men and women would certainly bring problems.

B.All human beings should be considered equal.

C.Only sameness could bring happiness to a marriage life.

D.Mutual understanding between men and women helps to solve problems.

5、Passage Two Many people have the experience that getting up in the morning is so difficult and painful.This might be called laziness.But Dr.Kleitman has a new explanation to this,he has proved that everyone has a daily energy cycle. During the hours when you labor through your work,you may say that you’re feeling “hot”.That’s true.The time of day when you feel most energetic is when your cycle of body temperature is at its peak.No one has discovered why this is so,but it leads to such familiar monologue as:“Get up,Tom! You’ll be late for school again!” The possible explanation to the trouble is that Tom is at his temperature and energy peak in the evening. Much family quarrelling ends when husbands and wives realize what these energy cycles mean,and which cycle each member of the family has.You can’t change your energy cycle,but you can learn to make your life fit it better.Habit can help a lot.Maybe you’re sleepy in the evening but feel you must stay up late anyway,and counteract your cycle to some extent by habitually staying up later than you want to.However,if your energy is low in the morning but you have an important job to do early in the day,rise before your usual hour.This won’t change your cycle,but you’ll get up steam and work better at your low point. Get off to a slow start which saves your energy.Get up with a leisurely yawn and stretch.Sit on the edge of the bed a minute before putting your feet on the floor.Avoid the troublesome search for clean clothes by laying them out the night before.Whenever possible,do routine work in the afternoon and save tasks requiring more energy or concentration for your sharper hours. According to the passage,what might bring family questions to the end?

A.Stopping familiar monologues every day.

B.A sudden change of a family member’s energy cycle.

C.Being aware of energy cycles of other family members.

D.Trying to control the energy cycles of other members.

6、 If one wants to do better at his low point in the morning,he should ____.

A.change his energy cycle

B.go to bed earlier the day before

C.try to overcome his laziness

D.get up earlier than usual

7、What does the sentence “Get off to a slow start which saves your energy” mean?

A.It will help you to control your temper early in the day.

B.It will enable you to concentrate on your routine work.

C.It will help to keep your energy for the whole day’s work.

D.It will keep your energy cycle under control all day.

8、 Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

A.Dr.Kleitman explains why people reach their peak at different hours of day.

B.Habit can help people adjust to their own energy cycle.

C.Each person has his own energy cycle.

D.Getting up with a slow start helps us to save energy for work.

9、Passage Three A person with a flat,dull voice which neither rises nor falls sounds like a flat and dull person! But he or she may not be!While we can’t deny the fact that people can give the impression that they are bored,anxious,friendly or angry just by the sound of their voice. A French friend of mine once said to me,“Your accent in French is excellent but you will never sound like a Frenchman until you put all your heart into your voice.It is a pity because you are a lively person and yet you don’t sound lively to a Frenchman!” We learn the grammar and vocabulary and even the correct pronunciation of the foreign people,but we may forget the important emotional effect of the music of our speech,for British people,the intension of language is attractive.That is to say,the rise and fall in the sound of our voice when we speak really matters.It’s unfortunate that the intonation of some other countries can often communicate the wrong meaning. British people sometimes feel offended because they think the other person is unfriendly even if he has spoken a perfect English sentence! And this failure of communication can also happen between British people themselves. If you want to communicate successfully with another person,you may have to think about the music of your own voice.Especially when you meet someone from a different part of your country or from another country,you should be careful! Don’t judge them only by their intonation! What does the writer want to show through the example in the second paragraph?

A.To learn a foreign language well,we must learn the sound and pronunciation well.

B.Grammar,vocabulary and pronunciation are not the only important elements in learning foreign language.

C.A person with a flat,dull voice will not give other good impression.

D.In learning a foreign language,we must talk to the native speakers fluently.

10、The word “music” in the third paragraph means ____.

A.intonation

B.rising tone

C.sweet voice

D.falling tone

11、British people sometimes feel offended while talking with others because____ .

A.they can’t understand what the other person says

B.the other person says something rude

C.the language they speak is quite different

D.they misunderstand the other person’s words

12、 What is the main idea of the passage?

A.To communicate with others successfully,we must know music well.

B.We can’t simply judge a person by his voice,nor can we neglect intonation.

C.Many listeners will not pay attention to the sound of one’s voice.

D.It’s not easy for people from different countries or parts to communicate.

三、匹配题每小题1.5分,共8题参考答案见试卷末尾

1、63

A.A

B.B

C.C

D.D

2、64

A.A

B.B

C.C

D.D

3、65

A.A

B.B

C.C

D.D

4、66

A.A

B.B

C.C

D.D

5、67

A.A

B.B

C.C

D.D

6、68

A.A

B.B

C.C

D.D

7、69

A.A

B.B

C.C

D.D

8、70

A.A

B.B

C.C

D.D

四、翻译题 每小题2分,共10题 参考答案见试卷末尾

1、In this age of equality, sameness between the sexes is emphasized as if differences have to mean problems

2、As a result, any lessening of their partner’s attention may be thought of as rejection or abandonment

3、The time of day when you feel most energetic is when your cycle of body temperature is at its peak

4、Whenever possible, do routine work in the afternoon and save tasks requiring more energy or concentration for your sharper hours

5、If you want to communicate successfully with another person, you may have to think about the music of your own voice

6、每个人都必须为自己的所作所为负责任

7、他们在工作中很注意理论联系实际

8、由于种种原因,他将不参加此次会议

9、在业余时间里,他专心学习一门新技术

10、不管我怎么解释,他都不能理解

五、写作题 每小题15分,共1题 参考答案见试卷末尾

1、Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled How does Wechat (Weixin) influence our life? You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below:
(1) 当前微信成为人们生活中不可或缺的部分;
(2) 微信给我们生活带来怎样的影响和改变;
(3) 你的看法

参考答案:

【一、单项选择题】

1~5 BDCCA     6~10 BCBDA    

11~30点击安装“APP”查看答案

【二、阅读理解】

1~5 DCBDC     6~10 DCABA    

11~12点击安装“APP”查看答案

【三、匹配题】

1~5 CDABB    

【四、翻译题】

1 【翻译】在这个男女平等的时代,人们强调异性之间要有共同点,好像个性差异就意味着会有矛盾似的。本句是一个主从复合句。as if意为“好像”,引导方式状语从句。In this age of意为“在这个……的时代里”;emphasized为动词,意为“强调”;mean在这里作动词,意为“意味着”,后面常跟名词、代词或动名词。  2 【翻译】因此,他们配偶对他们关注上的任何减少都可能被看作是拒绝或抛弃。本题考查对几个关键词的翻译。As a result意为“结果,因此”;lessening为名词,意为“减少,缩小”;be thought of…as意为“……被……看作是”。  3 【翻译】当体温循环处于高峰期时,这是你一天中感觉精力最充沛的时刻。本句是一个主从复合句。主句主语为“The time of day(一天中)”,系动词是is,表语部分为表语从句“when your cycle of…”;“when you feel most energetic”是一个定语从句,修饰先行词The time of day。energetic意为“精力充沛的”,body temperature意为“体温”,at sth.’s peak意为“处于某物的顶峰”。  4 【翻译】只要有可能,将常规工作放到下午完成,而把那些需要投入更多精力和注意力的任务留到精力最好的时候去做。本句是一个主从复合句。从句为“Whenever possible(无论什么时候有可能)”,表示让步,其中省略了主语和谓语it is;主句为两个并列的祈使句“do…and save…”,其中and后的祈使句中“requiring…concentration”为现在分词短语作后置定语,修饰tasks。routine work意为“日常工作,常规工作”,concentration意为“注意力”。  5 【翻译】如果你想与他人融洽交流,你可能就要留神你说话时的语音语调。分析句子结构可知,句中包含了一个if引导的条件状语从句,主句为“you may…voice”。communicate…with意为“与……沟通、交流”;successfully意为“成功地”,作副词;think about意为“考虑”。 

6~10点击安装“APP”查看答案

【五、写作题】

1 [范文]How does Wechat (Weixin) influence our life?Nowadays more and more people begin to use Wechat (Weixin) as an instant messaging tool.It seems that Wechat has become a necessity of our life.It has a profound effect on our life in many aspects.First,it provides a much cheaper and faster way for daily communication.Before Wechat is invented,people kept in touch with others mainly through phone calls or sending messages,now people can contact with each other at a low price anytime and anywhere.People can not only hear each other’s voice,but also see the image.Second,Wechat has various practical functions which can meet all kinds of demands in our life.It provides us with services such as shopping,entertainment,transactions and so on.There are different kinds of products offered on Wechat.We can find what we want and buy what we need through the circle of friends easily and quickly.Third,Wechat is much more convenient than other communication tools.We can send pictures and videos easily to our friends without paying extra fees.Besides,we can often share many good articles and messages with our friends.In conclusion,Wechat has been changing our ways of communication and lifestyles deeply.It not only brings more convenience to our daily life,but also makes a contribution to the economy of our country.Therefore,Wechat is an optimal choice at present. 

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