2021年统招专升本英语考试真题及答案

       统招专升本考试属于省级统一招生标准选拔性考试,考试选拔对象为全日制普通高校的高职高专(专科)应届毕业生。各省普通专升本政策稍有不同,以当年各省教育考试院或教育厅公布的政策为主。专升本考试科目分为公共课考试科目和专业课考试科目,需要花费相应的时间备考。上学吧统招专升本题库针对历年的真题和模拟题进行了精心的整理,希望可以帮助考生高效率备考。现在就点击安装APP刷题。以下为试卷的详细内容:

一、选词填空题 每小题1.5分,共10题 参考答案见试卷末尾

1、Students at university can learn and make friends 1 will last a life time.However,the cost of studying is on the rise.This increase means that most students can get into money trouble 2 they do not know how to manage their money. It is not just the course fees.Students must also 3 for room and board.In addition,they may spend money 4 clothes,travel,and other things. Thus,students need to budget 5 .At most universities teachers can give students suggestions on how to spend their money.The first thing they suggest is to write down your 6 ,for example,the money you will get from your family or a part-time job.Then list all of your expenses.Put your expenses into two 7 : those that change (food,books,travel),and those that will stay the same (tuition,room and board).Add together all of your expenses. When you do this,you find it is 8 to plan out your budget.This means you can save your money,rather than trying to 9 from others.As you can see,there is more to learn at university than just 10 is taught in the classroom. ____

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二、阅读理解 每小题2.25分,共20题 参考答案见试卷末尾

1、Wyatt Baldwin has been playing rock,paper,scissors(剪刀) since he was a kid.The game helped him settle disagreements with his three older sisters.“I never got the chance to pick what we watched on TV until I learned the sport of rock,paper,scissors,” he says. Baldwin is president of the World Rock Paper Scissors Association.He has played in and hosted competitions all around the globe.He once had a 43-game winning streak.What is the secret to his success?“Look for patterns in either your opponent's moves or behavior,” he says.As all serious rock,paper,scissors players know,there's more to the game than luck. People have been playing rock,paper,scissors for about 2,000 years.It is played everywhere.Some cultures use different hand symbols,but the idea is the same.You and an opponent each “throw” one of three hand symbols.You win,lose,or tie(不分胜负).Many people think the game is all luck.It seems that your chances of winning and losing are about the same,but the outcome of the game is not random.That's because human behavior isn't random.There are patterns in how people make decisions. A study at Zhejiang University,in China,looked at how people played rock,paper,scissors.It followed 360 students in a competition.Researchers found two key patterns.Winners tended to repeat their winning hand symbols.Losers tended to go from rock to paper to scissors. Knowing the psychology of the game is not a sure ticket to winning,but it can help.Ken Watson is one of the world's best rock,paper,scissors players.He says winning takes skill.“You have to size up your opponent.” Luck and chance play a part,but “you have to be prepared and have a strategy,” he says.“Part of my strategy is being confident.” According to Baldwin,“practice,practice,practice” is the key to success.“You can try practicing against yourself in front of a mirror,” he says.“But for me,that always ended up in a tie.” The support of rock,paper,scissors enabled little Wyatt Baldwin to .

A.cut paper with scissors

B.reach an agreement with his sisters

C.learn the sports on TV

D.produce TV shows with his sisters

2、What is the key to Baldwin's success in the game?

A.Praying for good luck.

B.Imitating his rival's moves.

C.Figuring out his rival's patterns.

D.Making friends with his opponent.

3、What can we learn about the game from Para.3?

A.The idea of the game varies from culture to culture.

B.The chances of winning or losing the game are always equal.

C.Different cultures use similar hand symbols to play the game.

D.The decision-making patterns affect the outcome of the game.

4、The study at Zhejiang University found that .

A.losers were likely to throw the hand symbol of paper

B.losers were likely to throw the hand symbol of scissors

C.winners were likely to ignore their opponents completely

D.winners were likely to repeat their winning hand symbols

5、What is Ken Watson's view on the game?

A.Being relaxed is a sure ticket to winning.

B.Being confident can increase the chance to win.

C.Your chance of winning wholly depends on luck.

D.Your chance of winning relates to the size of your opponent.

6、Imagine walking through someone's apartment.The rooms are almost empty,and the only piece of furniture is a simple table and folded sofa.There are no decorative objects lying around—just the essentials.You open the closet to find you can count the number of clothing items inside on one hand.The space seems more like a prison cell than a home and you may think the resident cannot afford to buy more things to fill the apartment with. It turns out that the apartment's owner is a minimalist who chooses to limit his number of belongings.Minimalism goes against consumer society by dramatically reducing possessions.Minimalists follow this philosophy to varying degrees,but they generally claim that cutting back on excess stuff leads to a more fulfilling life. With fewer possessions,they do not have to spend so much time cleaning,thinking about what they are minimizing,or trying to keep up with the latest trends.Minimalists say this frees up their time for things meaningful such as exercising,traveling,and being with loved ones. Extreme minimalism is not for everyone,but a mild form of it has gained in popularity recently,thanks to Marie Kondo's best-selling book The life-changing magic of tidying up.Kondo has become distinguished for her tidying skills,which she developed naturally.One of her main belongings is that one should only own things that one truly loves. It can be unpleasant to part with belongings,but Kondo's methods have helped minimalists remove useless things.Her technique for making space is to go through things by category,starting with clothing,then books,papers,tiny objects,and finally,memorable items.She instructs her followers to touch each object they own and keep only those that spark joy,promising that this will lead to domestic happiness. Kondo stresses that it is not about throwing things away,but about finding the things you want to remain with you and striking a balance between personal joy and possessions.Even if you are not ready to become a minimalist,you may want to consider reducing the number of things you own for it seems that letting go of things can truly make room for happiness. Paragraph 1 describes a person who probably .

A.loves decorative objects

B.cannot afford the essentials

C.chooses to live a simple life

D.has a passion for counting his clothes

7、What does a minimalist go against?

A.Reducing possessions.

B.Living a more fulfilling life.

C.Limiting the number of belongings.

D.Buying more things than necessary.

8、If people adopt the minimalist lifestyle,they will .

A.have a passion for cleaning

B.keep up with the latest trends

C.think about what they are missing

D.have more time for meaningful things

9、The mild form of minimalism becomes popular because of Kondo's .

A.top-selling book

B.writing style

C.personal habits

D.cleaning skills

10、According to the last paragraph,what is the real meaning of minimalism?

A.Finding the right balance between belongings and joy.

B.Placing your possessions before your personal happiness.

C.Throwing away as many personal belongings as possible.

D.Buying a lot more things to follow the latest fashion trends.

11、Today's grandparents are joining their grandchildren on social media.In the UK the over-55s are joining social media sites in increasing numbers,meaning that they will soon be the second biggest user group of these sites,with 3.5 million users aged 55-64 and 2.9 million over-65s. Sheila,aged 59,says,“I joined to see what my grandchildren are doing,as my daughter posts videos and photos of them.It's a much better way to see what they're doing than waiting for letters and photos in the post.That's how we did it when I was a child,but I think I'm lucky I get to see so much more of their lives than my grandparents did.” Unexpectedly,Sheila's grandchildren are less likely to use social media sites themselves.Children under 17 in the UK are leaving the sites—only 2.2 million users are under 17—but they're not going far from their smartphones.Chloe,aged 15,even sleeps with her phone.“It's my alarm clock,so I have to,” she says.“I look at it before I go to sleep and as soon as I wake up.” Unlike her grandmother's generation,Chloe's age group is spending so much time on their phones at home that they are missing out on spending time with their friends in real life.Sheila,on the other hand,has made contact with old friends from school that she has not heard from in forty years.“We use social media sites to arrange to meet all over the country,” she says.“They have changed my social life completely.” Teenagers might have their parents to thank for their smartphone addiction(上瘾) as their parents were the early users of smartphones.Peter,38 and a father of two teenagers,reports that he used to be on his phone or laptop constantly.“I was always connected and I felt like I was always working,” he says.“How could I tell my kids to get off their phones if I was always in front of a screen myself?” Thus,in the evenings and at weekends,he takes his SIM card out of his smartphone and puts it into an old-style mobile phone that can only make calls and send text messages.“I'm not completely cut off from the world in case of emergencies,but the important thing is that I'm setting a better example for my kids and spending more quality time with them.” More and more over-55s in the UK are joining social media sites to .

A.develop their own websites

B.post their videos and photos

C.know about the lives of their grandchildren

D.form online habits similar to their children's

12、The underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 means .

A.it was boring to wait for letters and photos

B.it was good for kids to post letters and photos

C.they used to wait for letters and photos in the post

D.they were fond of hearing from their grandparents

13、From Paragraph 3,we can see that children under 17 in the UK .

A.tend to use their smartphones less

B.are less interested in social media sites

C.like to interact with their parents online

D.spend more time with their friends in real life

14、Why does Peter use an old-style mobile phone in the evenings and at weekends?

A.He tries to be a model for his kids.

B.He thinks it is convenient to do so.

C.He needs to make an emergency call.

D.He wants to be cut off from the world.

15、What is the main idea of the passage?

A.How to develop better online habits.

B.Different online habits of different age groups.

C.Good habits of using smartphones and social media.

D.How to keep kids away from smartphones and social media.

16、We all experience some kind of anger in our life.Some of us get angry easily,while others do not let anger control them.Anger can harm us physically and emotionally. Anger has no specific reason.Things like an argument with your friend or job stress can make you angry.If things are going beyond your control,it is the right time that you learnt some ways to control your anger.26 Be patient and calm.27 If something is not going the way you planned,do not get angry.Allow things to settle with time.Patience also gives you strength and courage to face any situation.Practice being patient in any situation,and the anger would automatically go away with time. Breathe deeply.When you are in anger,before reacting,just sit quietly, close your eyes and start breathing deeply.28 Eventually,you will forget the reason for your anger. Just smile.No matter how tough the situation is,smile! 29 Rather than thinking negatively,you should stay positive. 30 You can watch your favorite movie or sports match.You can also take a walk or listen to music.The purpose is to take your focus away from the situation that made you angry. If nothing is working,try the old-tested formula of counting numbers.It will shift your focus from the actual thing,and it has benefited many people. A.Engage yourself in some activities. B.Depression can be caused by anger. C.Patience is the key to all anger problems. D.Others are very violent in their expression of anger. E.Read the following advice on how to deal with anger. F.A smile has proven to have a positive effect on the mind and soul. G.Concentrate on your breathing pattern and think about the good things in life. 26.____

17、3.____

18、3.____

19、3.____

20、3.____

三、翻译题 每小题10分,共2题 参考答案见试卷末尾

1、Machines that can learn are already among us and are changing the world in which we live.They offer great potential in areas including health care and other public services,and may soon result in very sophisticated robots,but we need to make conscious decisions about how we want smart machines to develop.

2、中秋节为人们提供欢聚的机会,有利于培养家庭意识,而家庭意识与责任义务有着密切联系。家庭是社会的细胞,是社会稳定的基础,是社会凝聚力的来源。

四、写作题 每小题20分,共1题 参考答案见试卷末尾

1、The digital gap(数字鸿沟) has reduced the social participation of the elderly in recent years.Many of them have difficulties in using smart devices.Your essay should include: 1) your understanding of this phenomenon 2) measures that should be taken to help the elderly You should write at least 100 words in English.Please write your essay on the ANSWER SHEET.

参考答案:

【一、选词填空题】

1 H  2 C  3 D  4 E  5 F 

6~10点击安装“APP”查看答案

【二、阅读理解】

1~5 BCDDB     6~10 CDDAA    

11~20点击安装“APP”查看答案

【三、翻译题】

1 【翻译】会学习的机器已经出现在我们周围了,并且正在改变着我们生活的世界。它们在包括医疗保健和其他公共服务在内的领域提供巨大的潜力,也许很快会使非常先进的机器人出现,但我们需要就我们想要智能机器如何发展做出慎重决定。本题考查定语从句、宾语从句、并列句、常用单词和短语的翻译。第一句包含一个that引导的定语从句,修饰先行词Machines,可译为前置定语,还包含一个in which引导的定语从句,修饰先行词the world,可译为前置定语;第二句是一个but(但是)连接的并列句,其中前一分句中的第二个and连接两个并列结构,直接顺译即可,且前一分句的第一个并列结构中including和其后的内容一起作状语,后一分句中how引导一个宾语从句,作介词about的宾语,直接顺译即可。另外,应注意以下单词和短语的翻译:great potential可译为“巨大的潜力”;health care可译为“医疗保健”;result in可译为“使……出现”;sophisticated可译为“先进的”;make conscious decisions about…可译为“就……做出慎重决定”。  2 【翻译】The Mid-Autumn Festival provides the chance to get together for people,which is beneficial to cultivate family consciousness,and family consciousness is closely related to/has a close connection with responsibility and obligation.The family is a cell of the society,a foundation of social stability and a source of social cohesion.本题考查并列句、非限制性定语从句、非谓语动词、常用单词和短语的翻译。第一句可译为and连接的两个并列句,“有利于培养家庭意识”可译为which引导的非限制性定语从句,修饰先行词“欢聚的机会(the chance to get together,其中不定式短语作后置定语)”;第二句可译为包含三个并列结构的简单句。另外,应注意以下单词和短语的翻译:“为……提供……”可译为provide…for…;“有利于……”可译为be beneficial to do…;“培养家庭意识”可译为cultivate family consciousness;“与……有着密切联系”可译为be closely related to…或have a close connection with…;“社会稳定”可译为social stability;“基础”可译为foundation;“社会凝聚力”可译为social cohesion。 

【四、写作题】

1 【参考范文】How to Bridge the Digital Gap for the ElderlyThough nowadays the majority of people enjoy the convenience of digital technologies,the elderly are facing great difficulties because of the digital gap.Especially since the outbreak of COVID-19,many elderly people feel it inconvenient to go almost everywhere because they do not have a health code.And other convenient ways such as online registration and online shopping also bring many obstacles to them.Therefore,we should take measures to help the elderly get over the digital gap.Firstly,the government should try to let more elderly people understand smart products better.The government could also try to offer a platform to serve and ensure elderly people 

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