2020年统招专升本英语考试真题及答案

       统招专升本考试属于省级统一招生标准选拔性考试,考试选拔对象为全日制普通高校的高职高专(专科)应届毕业生。各省普通专升本政策稍有不同,以当年各省教育考试院或教育厅公布的政策为主。专升本考试科目分为公共课考试科目和专业课考试科目,需要花费相应的时间备考。上学吧统招专升本题库针对历年的真题和模拟题进行了精心的整理,希望可以帮助考生高效率备考。现在就点击安装APP刷题。以下为试卷的详细内容:

一、选词填空题 每小题1.5分,共10题 参考答案见试卷末尾

1、Researchers have found that people who go to concerts,shows and museums can live longer than 1 who do not.Experts from University College London have been examining the lifestyles of over 6,700 British people 2 15 years.They 3 how often the people went out and what kinds of events they attended.They found that people over 50 years old 4 regularly went to concerts were about 30 percent 5 likely to die over the next 14 years.The researchers said the over50s could extend their life 6 engaging with the arts.In addition to living longer concertgoers could also have more fun. The UK Health Secretary Matt Hancock believes there could be a lot of 7 in the research.He said arts and culture could 8 things like mental health,aging and loneliness.He 9 announced plans for the UK’s National Health Service to use the arts to help people live a healthier life.One researcher said,“Our results highlight the importance of 10 to explore new social factors that affect our health.” ____

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二、阅读理解 每小题2.25分,共20题 参考答案见试卷末尾

1、The hiring process may be different from one company to another.Nevertheless,the goal is the same—get the candidate who is the best fit for the position.Even so,how to choose that person? Here are some best practices used by industry leaders to attract the best talent for the job.In particular,these are the new trends in the hiring process to be prepared for when you have a job interview. Typically,an interview is held in a conference room or office.However,this makes it easy for the employer and the candidate to act predictably.The problem with this approach is that at the end of a typical interview,the employers often don’t have a much better feel for the candidate than they do after reading the candidate’s resume.Alternatively,some employers walk around the office for part of the interview.This allows the employer to get a sense of how the candidate interacts with other people,and whether the candidate is truly curious and interested in how the company runs. Another change is that some employers create teams to hire new employees in comparison to having just one administrator conduct the interview.Employers then get opinions from the team members.More importantly,this helps employers hire someone with whom current employees could get along. Also,employers want to make sure that candidates provide new viewpoints for the company.Before they hire someone,they think about the diversity of viewpoints that the candidate can bring to the company.Be prepared to share how you can add value to the company through your own unique perspective and how you will help the company solve problems creatively. Furthermore,many companies try to get a sense of the kind of work the candidates will do for the company before hiring them as full-time employees.For example,they may offer you a temporary contract first as a consultant.Likewise,they may assign you a small task as part of the interview process. What is the goal of a job interview for a company?

A.To change the hiring process.

B.To discuss some best practices.

C.To find the right person for a job.

D.To attract more industry leaders.

2、What is the problem with a typical interview?

A.A typical interview is held in the company.

B.Employers may fail to know candidates well.

C.Employers may ask candidates to read resumes.

D.A typical interview is held in a conference room.

3、Why do some employers create teams to hire new employees?

A.Because they have no time to participate in job interviews.

B.Because they have to compare candidates with current employees.

C.Because they want the current employees to form a few research teams.

D.Because they want to ensure candidates can get on with other employees.

4、What is the meaning of the underlined word “diversity” in Paragraph 4?

A.variety

B.value

C.division

D.necessity

5、 In this passage,the author mainly discusses___________.

A.new viewpoints on a company

B.new trends in the hiring process

C.the importance of a job interview

D.methods to get along with employees

6、It is estimated that about 40 per cent of the world’s population use social media,and a large number of social media users look up to influencers to decide what to buy.These influencers are now playing an important role in achieving the goal of eliminating poverty in China. What is an influencer and how does a person become one? An influencer is a person who can influence the decisions of followers because of the relationship with the audience and his or her knowledge in a particular area. Influencers often have a large following of people who pay close attention to their views.They have the power to persuade people to buy things,and influencers are now seen by many companies as a direct way to customers’ hearts.Some agricultural companies also ask powerful influencers to market their products. According to a report from China Daily,in an event targeted at helping poverty reduction,influencers attracted more than 930,000 viewers.More than 45,000 kilograms of agricultural products,at a total value of 400,000 yuan,were ordered within a few hours.Such events have encouraged more and more people to become influencers.Here are five tips on how to do it. Choose your ideal area.What is the area that you know most about? What do you feel most excited to talk about? Find the specific area that you are most interested in and develop it. Choose your medium and write an interesting bio(个人简介).Most influencers these days are bloggers and micro-bloggers.The best way to connect with your followers is to decide which medium you should use,such as your own online blog,WeChat or TikTok.When you have done that,write an attention-grabbing bio that describes you and the areas that you know a lot in an interesting and unique way.Make sure that people who read your bio will follow you. Post regularly and continually.Many influencers post daily on their social media accounts.The more you post,the more likely people will follow you.Also,ensure that you keep posting and following a specific topic. Tell an interesting story.Whether it is a photo or a comment that you are posting,use it to tell a story that will catch the attention of your followers and help them connect with you. Make sure people can easily find your contents.Post them on a variety of social media,use “#” and catchy titles and make sure that they can be easily found.Moreover,if you want to become a social media influencer,you need to have patience. A social media influencer is someone who___________.

A.pays followers for new products

B.takes social relationship courses

C.specializes in social media studies

D.affects shopping decisions of followers

7、Many companies want to use influencers to___________.

A.sell their products

B.develop new products

C.design their own websites

D.examine customers’ hearts

8、According to Paragraph 4,why are many people eager to be influencers?

A.Because they may run their own companies.

B.Because they may buy agricultural products.

C.Because they want to make contributions to poverty reduction.

D.Because they want to have more chances to gain access to blogs.

9、What is the best way for influencers to connect with their followers?

A.Focusing on their comments.

B.Chatting with their best friends.

C.Choosing the right online platform.

D.Describing their favorite bloggers.

10、What is the main idea of this passage?

A.Five methods to influence buyers.

B.Five tips on earning money as an influencer.

C.Five methods to use influencers in marketing.

D.Five tips on becoming a social media influencer.

11、Children may not be using piggy banks(储钱罐) for much longer; with the move towards a cashless society,pocket money is moving digital.To reflect this trend,all of a sudden a lot of mobile budgeting apps for children have been developed worldwide: GoHenry,Osper and Gimi,to name a few. These apps offer a simple money management service to children,often for a monthly fee paid by parents.Parents can add money to children’s accounts,set limits and monitor transactions,while children can choose to save their money or spend it using a prepaid card.The apps suggest minimum ages ranging from six to nine for the prepaid card. The companies behind the apps argue that in an increasingly cashless society,these apps can be a valuable way of teaching young children about money.Two thirds of adults globally know little about finance,according to a recent survey,and one in four teenagers are unable to make even simple decisions on everyday spending. These apps aim to overcome this,claiming to teach children financial concepts,such as budgeting,interest rates and income.For instance,the Swedish app Gimi—with 1.2 million users globally—has online savings jars where children can deposit money.Parents can pay children interest as they save,and pay children for completing household tasks.The account is attached to a prepaid card that is currently available in Sweden only,but expected to launch elsewhere in Europe in the near future. “Cash was the best way to teach people about financial knowledge because it’s so easy to grasp,” Philip Haglund,CEO of Gimi,mentions.“Now money is being transferred through some kind of cyberspace,which is really abstract and hard for anyone to understand.” Haglund believes the app can teach responsible spending habits,whereas schools tend to focus more on economic theories.“You don’t become better at money management just because you have a degree in economics.It’s more about the attitude and the relationship you have with parents’ money when you’re six to 12 years old,” he says. But Catherine Winter,managing director of financial capability at The London Institute of Banking & Finance,warns that while digital tools can help,there needs to be a more structured approach to financial education.The area should “have regular classroom time and ideally should be taught as a separate subject,” she says.“Children would then have the right context and foundation to get the most out of both the apps and their money.” What is the major role of mobile budgeting apps?

A.Buying favorite goods.

B.Paying fees for parents.

C.Managing pocket money.

D.Keeping an eye on children.

12、According to the passage,the Swedish app Gimi can _________.

A.guide parents to manage companies

B.give children basic ideas of finance

C.guide children to do their homework

D.teach parents how to invest their money

13、What can we infer from Philip Haglund’s words?

A.A degree in economics guarantees the capability of managing money.

B.Cyberspace is the best medium for children to get financial knowledge.

C.The app Gimi helps children develop positive attitudes towards money.

D.Cash transactions are abstract and difficult for most people to understand.

14、What does Catherine Winter suggest regarding financial education?

A.It should be well organized.

B.It should be done in cyberspace.

C.It should be provided by parents.

D.It should be a self-taught subject.

15、What is the passage mainly about?

A.A new way of saving money at a local bank.

B.A new way of teaching children about money.

C.A new course on gaining financial knowledge.

D.A new method of monitoring online transactions.

16、Directions: In this section,some sentences have been removed.For Questions 26-30,choose the most suitable one from the list A-G to fit into each of the numbered blanks.There are two extra choices,which do not fit into any of the blanks.Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. Every time you are online,you may find pictures,articles,links and videos trying to tell their stories.26 Some news spreads quickly,and the result is fake(假的) news. Experts in media studies and online psychology have been examining the fake news phenomenon.27 Check the source.Look at the website where the story comes from.A fake news website may use an address that sounds like a real newspaper,but does not have many real stories about other topics. 28 Many fake news stories use images from unrelated sites.Sometimes,if you just look closely at an image,you can see if it has been changed.Or use a search tool to see if the same image has been used in other contexts. Check the story in other places.Try to see if the story you are reading is on other news sites that you know and trust.29 Look for other signs.There are other techniques that fake news uses.For example,lots of ads pop up when you click on a link.30 If the news story makes you angry,it is probably designed to make you angry. If you know these things about online news,and can apply them in your everyday life,then you will have control over what to read,what to believe and what to share. A.Watch out for fake photos. B.Unfortunately,not all of these stories are true. C.Young people like to share information online. D.Read the following advice and don’t get fooled! E.You can also think about how the story makes you feel. F.If you do find it on many other sites,then it probably isn’t fake. G.But they want you to click on the same image used in other contexts. 26.____

17、3.____

18、3.____

19、3.____

20、3.____

三、翻译题 每小题10分,共2题 参考答案见试卷末尾

1、Regular exercise can reduce the damage that long-term stress may have on our body.Scientists have discovered that exercise can decrease depression,lower anxiety and help us sleep.When we exercise,all of the body’s systems like muscular and nervous systems have to communicate with each other more closely than usual.So,exercise makes the body more efficient and enhances the body’s ability to respond to stress.

2、竹子(bamboo)深受中国人民的喜爱。竹文化长久以来根植于中国人的思想中。对中国人来说,竹子是美德的象征。中国古代的学者对竹子非常敬重。这也是为什么历史上有那么多以竹子为主题的书画作品。

四、写作题 每小题20分,共1题 参考答案见试卷末尾

1、It is time for students to go back to school.Suppose you are Li Hua.Write a letter to your classmate Wang Hong to give your suggestions about the prevention and control of the COVID-19(新冠肺炎).Your letter should include: 1) What measures should be taken after students return to school? 2) Why are these measures necessary? You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET.

参考答案:

【一、选词填空题】

1 J  2 K  3 A  4 D  5 L 

6~10点击安装“APP”查看答案

【二、阅读理解】

1~5 CBDAB     6~10 DACCD    

11~20点击安装“APP”查看答案

【三、翻译题】

1 【翻译】经常锻炼能够减少长期压力可能会对我们的身体产生的损害。科学家们已经发现,锻炼能够减轻抑郁,减少焦虑,并且有助于我们睡眠。当我们锻炼时,身体的所有系统,如肌肉系统和神经系统,必须比平时更密切地相互沟通。因此,锻炼能使身体更高效,并提高身体应对压力的能力。本题考查定语从句、宾语从句、状语从句、非谓语动词、常用单词和短语的翻译。第一句包含一个that引导的定语从句,修饰先行词the damage,可译为前置定语;第二句包含一个that引导的宾语从句,直接顺译即可;第三句包含一个When引导的时间状语从句,直接顺译即可;最后一句中的and连接两个并列结构,直接顺译即可,且ability后跟不定式短语作后置定语,可译为前置定语。另外,应注意以下单词和短语的翻译:Regular exercise可译为“经常锻炼”;longterm可译为“长期”;decrease depression可译为“减轻抑郁”;lower anxiety可译为“减少焦虑”;have to可译为“必须”;communicate可译为“沟通”;respond to可译为“应对”。  2 【翻译】Bamboo is deeply loved by Chinese people.Bamboo culture has been rooted in Chinese people’s minds for a long time.To Chinese people,bamboo is the symbol of virtue.Ancient Chinese scholars had tremendous respect for bamboo.That’s why there are so many writings and paintings on the theme of bamboo in history.本题考查动词时态、表语从句、常用单词和短语的翻译。第一句和第三句可译为使用一般现在时的简单句;根据第二句中的“长久以来”可知,第二句应译为使用现在完成时的句子;根据第四句中的“中国古代的学者”可知,第四句应译为使用一般过去时的句子;最后一句中的“为什么历史上有那么多以竹子为主题的书画作品”可译为why引导的表语从句。另外,应注意以下单词和短语的翻译:“深受……的喜爱”可译为be deeply loved by…;“根植于……”可译为be rooted in…;“美德”可译为virtue;“象征”可译为symbol;“对……非常敬重”可译为have tremendous respect for…。 

【四、写作题】

1 【参考范文】Dear Wang Hong,How time flies! I haven’t seen you for a long time due to the outbreak of COVID-19.Now it’s time for us to go back to school.Though COVID-19 is under control,we still need to take some protective measures after returning to school.First,we should wear masks when we are in the classroom or the library.Second,we should wash hands frequently and ventilate our classroom and dorm regularly.Third,taking our temperature at least twice a day is also quite necessary.These measures can protect both ourselves and others.Only in these ways can we have a good living and learning environment and enhance our confidence to win this battle.I wish you all the best and I’m looking forward to seeing you at the campus.Yours,Li Hua 

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